ÑAÑITOS OF THE AMERICAS
Intro: Hello everyone, I’m Alex Gutierrez, from Sacramento California, welcome to AFROSAYA the Afro-Latino Podcast.
First thing first, Thanks New York, London, Sacramento, Los Angeles, Washington, San Jose, now the country: Mexico, Canada, France, Italy, Brazil, Chile, Spain, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Thank you. Thanks for listening to us!!! We are super excited.
Oh right, now to the show.
Today in our show, we will close our journey throughout South America with one special country. As we intent, this is a podcast about Blackness in the Americas. We share history, music, culture and more.
Our final guess for today is Ecuador.
Content – History Background:
Ecuador is a beautiful country located in South America. The official name is Republica de Ecuador and share borders with Colombia and Peru. The capital city is Quito.
The “Republic of the Ecuador” was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors countries. Peru went into a war 1995 and it was resolved in 1999.
What is now Ecuador was home to a variety of Amerindian groups that were gradually incorporated into the Inca Empire during the 15th century. The territory was colonized by Spain during the 16th century, achieving independence in 1820 as part of the Gran Colombia, from which it emerged as its own sovereign state in 1830.
The legacy of both empires is reflected in Ecuador’s ethnically diverse population, with 16.4 million people identified as mestizos, followed by large minorities of European, Amerindian, and African descendants.
Let’s talk about Afro-Ecuadorians
Afro-Ecuadorians are citizens of Ecuador. Afro-Ecuadorians are an ethnic group in Ecuador who are descendants of formerly enslaved Africans brought by the Spanish during their conquest of Ecuador from the Incas. They make up from 7% to 10% of Ecuador’s population
The Afro-Ecuadorian culture is found primarily in the country’s northwest coastal region. The majority of the Afro-Ecuadorian population (70%) live in the province of Esmeraldas and the Valle del Chota. There is a strong presence in Quito and Guayaquil.
The majority of Afro-Ecuadorians are descendants of enslaved Africans who arrived in Ecuador from the early 16th century.
In 1553, the first enslaved Africans reached Ecuador in Quito. The enslaved Africans escaped and established maroon settlements in Esmeraldas, which became a safe haven. Eventually, they started moving from their traditional homeland and were settling everywhere in Ecuador.
After slavery was abolished in 1851, Africans became marginalized in Ecuador, dominated by the plantation owners.
Racism deeply established from the Spanish colonial era is still encountered; Afro-Ecuadorians are strongly discriminated against by the mestizo and criollo populations.
Afro-Ecuadorians are best known for the cultural influence in Ecuador and outside Ecuador. The marimba music belongs to Afro-Ecuadorians. Marimba music comes from Esmeraldas, and gets its name from the prominent use of marimbas, along with drums and other instruments specific to this region such as the bombo, the cununo and the wasa
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Well people there you have it. Afro-Ecuadorians