The Body Healers
In this episode we talk about Afro-Brazilians. We share music, history and a voice of protest. Afro-Brazilians are African descends of Angola, Mozambique and Sub Sahara Africa. In this show, we uncover that part of history.
Today in our show, we will continue with our journey throughout South America. As we intent, this is a podcast about Blackness in the Americas. We will share a little bit of history, music, culture and more.
Our guess for today is Afro-Brazil. Let’s beginning.
Brazil is a beautiful county located in South America. The official name is the Federative Republic of Brazil and the capital is Brasilia. Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazil is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas.
it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of immigration from all over the world.
Brazil shares borderland with Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayana, Suriname, French Guiana and the Atlantic Ocean.
Over nearly three centuries from the late 1500s to the 1860s, Brazil was consistently the largest destination for African slaves in the Americas.
In that period, approximately 4 million enslaved Africans were imported to Brazil.
Brazilian slavery included a diverse range of labor roles. For example, gold mining in Brazil began to grow around 1690 in regions such as Minas Gerais.
Slaves in Brazil also were force to labor on sugar plantations, in regions such as Salvador, Bahia.
Other products of slave labor in Brazil during that era included tobacco, textiles, and cachaça, which were often vital products to traded in exchange for slaves.
The nature of the work that slaves did had a direct effect on aspects of slaves’ lives such as life expectancy and family formation.
An example from an early inventory of African slaves (1569–71) from the plantation of Sergipe do Conde in Bahia shows that he owned nineteen males and one female.
These uneven gender-ratios combined with the high mortality rate related to the physical labor had many consequences on slave’s bodies.
The effect was often that many New World slave economies, including Brazil, relied on a constant importation of new slaves to replace those who had died.
Despite the changes in the slave population demographic related to the constant importation of slaves through the 1860s, a creole generation in the African population emerged in Brazil.
By 1800, Brazil had the largest single population of African and creole slaves than any other colony in Americas.
by the 1888 Brazil abolished slavery